This research was conducted by Glen Schellenberg at the University of Toronto, Canada. The researchers randomly assigned 144 six year old Canadian children to one of four groups: one received music tuition for the keyboard, another got voice coaching using the Kodaly method, and (by way of contrast) two control groups: one that got drama lessons and a final group that received no tuition at all. They found that after the music lessons (whether voice or keyboard) children increased their IQ when compared with those in the drama and control groups. They concede that ‘the effect was relatively small’. They also found that children in the drama group improved their aptitude for social behavior in a way that was not detectible in the music or control group.
Psychological Science, Volume 15, Issue 8, pp 511-514 http://pss.sagepub.com/content/15/8/511
|MUSIC TYPE:||Keyboard, singing|
|TYPE OF STUDY:||Academic research|
|PERIOD OF STUDY:||36 weeks|