The German Socio-Economic Panel study (SOEP) is believed by its authors to be the best available longitudinal data set for studying the effects of learning a musical instrument.
Its most recent report by Adrian Hille and Jürgen Schupp, concludes that even after controlling for a large number of social background characteristics, there are strong differences in terms of cognitive and non-cognitive skills between adolescents who learned a musical instrument during childhood and those who did not.
Learning a musical instrument is associated with better cognitive skills and school grades as well as higher conscientiousness, openness, and ambition. Music improves cognitive and non-cognitive skills more than twice as much as sports, theatre or dance. These effects do not differ by socio-economic status.
|TARGET GROUP:||Young people|
|MUSIC TYPE:||Learning an instrument|
|TYPE OF STUDY:||Academic research – household panel study|
|PERIOD OF STUDY:||Not relevant|