Ageing

The relationship between musical activity and ageing of the brain

-Researchers at the University of Kansas Medical Center evaluated the association between musical instrumental participation and cognitive ageing. Seventy healthy adults (ages 60–83) varying in musical activity – non-musicians, low and high activity musicians – completed a comprehensive series of neuropsychological tests. The results of this preliminary study revealed that participants with at least 10 years of musical experience had better performance in nonverbal memory, naming, and executive processes in advanced age relative to non-musicians.

This reinforces other research carried out by the Rotman Institute in Canada.

SOURCES:

APA PsycNET: http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/2011-06927-001/

American Psychological Association: http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/releases/neu-25-3-378.pdf

National Center for Biotechnology Information: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21463047

DETAILS:

BENEFIT: PRESERVED COGNITIVE FUNCTIONING
TARGET GROUP: ADULTS
AGE: 60-83-YEARS-OLD
MUSIC TYPE: GENERAL
TYPE OF STUDY: ACADEMIC RESEARCH
NOs INVOLVED: 70
PERIOD OF STUDY: UNKNOWN
DATE: 2009
PLACE: USA

Playing music protects memory, hearing and brain processing

SUMMARY

A study by Dr Nina Kraus’s Auditory Neuroscience Laboratory at Northwestern University, showed that musicians suffer less from ageing-related memory and hearing losses than non-musicians. It is believed to be the first study to provide biological evidence that lifelong musical experience has a good impact on the ageing process. Scientific research over the years has shown that studying music has many rewards, but this new research shows that it can fine-tune the human brain, biologically and neurologically enhancing its performance and protecting it from some of the ravages of time.

SOURCES:

ABC News: http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/living-longer-learning-musical-instrument-protects-brain-memory/story?id=15482696#.T73sF79ZeXw

Neurobiology of Aging, Volume 33, Issue 7, pp 1483.e1-1483.e4:

CultureCase: http://www.culturecase.org/research/2014/04/lifelong-musical-experience-can-offset-the-effects-that-ageing-has-on-the-brain/

Neurobiology of Aging: http://www.neurobiologyofaging.org/article/S0197-4580%2811%2900547-1/abstract

Research Report: http://www.brainvolts.northwestern.edu/documents/APC_SA_NK_NeuroAging_2012.pdf

DETAILS:

BENEFIT: Memory & hearing loss
TARGET GROUP: Adults
AGE: 18-65 years
MUSIC TYPE: General
TYPE OF STUDY: Academic research
NOs INVOLVED: 87
PERIOD OF STUDY: Unknown
DATE: 2012
PLACE: United States