happiness

Cultural activity can improve the health of older people

Older people2SUMMARY:

This research was conducted by Gene D. Cohen and five others at George Washington University and other institutions in the USA. This paper reports the results of a study into the effects of a cultural programme on the physical and mental health of the elderly. The research is based on a study of generally healthy people in the Washington DC area. The research found that after a year of engaging in a programme of cultural activities people improved their mental and physical health, were less reliant on medication, had fewer falls and fewer visits to the doctor when compared to a group of similar adults who had not participated in the activity. They also felt happier and less lonely and were generally more active.

SOURCES:

CultureCase: http://www.culturecase.org/research/2014/05/cultural-activity-can-improve-the-health-of-older-people/

The Gerontologist, Volume 46, Issue 6, pp 726-734 http://gerontologist.oxfordjournals.org/content/46/6/726.full

 DETAILS:

BENEFIT: Health and wellbeing, reduced medication, reduced falls
TARGET GROUP: Older people
AGE: 65+
MUSIC TYPE: General
TYPE OF STUDY: Academic research
NOs INVOLVED: 166
PERIOD OF STUDY: 1 year
DATE: 2006
PLACE: United States

How music could reduce healthcare costs of the UK’s ageing population

SUMMARY:

A year-long study by the Institute of Education, University of London, found that older people who are part of music groups are more likely to be happier – and even healthier – than their peers who opt for alternative leisure pursuits. The researchers surveyed 400 people aged between 50 and 93 who participated in community music sessions. Activities ranged from singing and composing to playing the ukulele and dancing the Samba. They questioned an additional 100 people who attended classes in arts and crafts, yoga or languages, or who were part of a book club or social group. The study found that those who took part in music groups had higher levels of well-being, including a stronger sense of purpose in life and of feeling in control. They also had more positive social relationships than those taking part in other activities.

SOURCE:

Institute of Education: http://www.ioe.ac.uk/newsEvents/88614.html

DETAILS:

BENEFIT: Health and wellbeing
TARGET GROUP: Older people
AGE: 50-93 years
MUSIC TYPE: Amateur music groups
TYPE OF STUDY: Academic research
NOs INVOLVED: 500 (400 music, 100 arts/crafts)
PERIOD OF STUDY: 1 year
DATE: 2013
PLACE: United Kingdom