school grades

Longitudinal data on the effects of learning an instrument

SOEP study

The German Socio-Economic Panel study (SOEP) is believed by its authors to be the best
available longitudinal data set for studying the effects of learning a musical instrument.

Its most recent report by Adrian Hille and Jürgen Schupp, concludes that even after controlling for a large number of social background characteristics, there are strong differences in terms of cognitive and non-cognitive skills between adolescents who learned a musical instrument during childhood and those who did not. Learning a musical instrument is associated with better cognitive skills and school grades as well as higher conscientiousness, openness, and ambition. Music improves cognitive and non-cognitive skills more than twice as much as sports, theatre or dance. These effects do not differ by socio-economic status.

SOURCE:

http://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.429221.de/diw_sp0591.pdf

DETAILS:

BENEFIT: Cognitive development
TARGET GROUP: Young people
AGE: 8-17 years
MUSIC TYPE: Learning an instrument
TYPE OF STUDY: Academic research – household panel study
NOs INVOLVED: 3,369
PERIOD OF STUDY: Not relevant
DATE: 2013
PLACE: Germany

High performing students do even better if they are enrolled in ongoing music classes

SUMMARY:

Research from Quebec in Canada found that high-performing students did even better when they were enrolled in ongoing music classes. The study by Harvard University found that among a group of high-performing high school students, grades were consistently higher for those who continued with music classes compared to those who dropped them after two years of compulsory training.

SOURCE:

Pacific Standard: http://ow.ly/yPmTH

DETAILS:

BENEFIT: Academic achievement
TARGET GROUP: Young people
AGE: 11-16 years
MUSIC TYPE: Regular music classes
TYPE OF STUDY: Academic research
NOs INVOLVED: 180
PERIOD OF STUDY: 5 years
DATE: 2013
PLACE: Canada